Understand teen pregnancy and its risks

Understand teen pregnancy and its risks

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Problems do arise in pregnancies and it can sometimes involves the lives of both mother and child. If it is already something to keep check of in adult pregnancies, how much risk then, does a teen pregnancy entails?

Low birth weight
Low birth weight among babies born from teenage mums is quite common. It poses a risk on the vital organs of the baby that includes the heart, lungs and brain. It may also appear that some vital organs may be underdeveloped and cannot sustain life in the outside world. Other underweight babies may come out healthy, but it is a serious condition, one that should not be taken for granted.

Anemia
Teenage mums can develop anemia along the course of the pregnancy. This is a dangerous situation as it can affect the mother and the baby too. This condition can lead to premature birth and a difficult labor and delivery. Anemia should be addressed as soon as possible to prevent complications from occurring. A daily dose of iron supplements is essential to keep hemoglobin levels up.

Preterm birth
This is most likely to happen in teenage pregnancies, according to a recent study. Premature birth can cause the death of a preterm baby due to insufficient surfactant in the lungs. Surfactant is an important substance that allows the lungs to expand properly when changes in the environment from the womb to the outside world occurs. A lack of this substance may cause Respiratory Distress Syndrome among infants.

Postpartum depression
Teenage mums have a higher risk of developing this mood disorder that usually happens weeks after delivery. Mood swings and an inability to take care of oneself and the baby are tell-tale signs that the teenage mum is undergoing such disorder. Immediate help and support should be given as soon as possible. If left untreated, postpartum depression may go down to an even worse disorder known as postpartum psychosis.

Prone to other complications
A teenage mother is more at risk in getting pregnancy induced hypertension, placental problems and high blood pressure. This condition can later result to fetal distress, eclampsia and profuse bleeding if not addressed properly. It is important to have regular prenatal visits for proper monitoring.

Prolonged labour
This may also be another risk for the teen mum and the baby. The baby may suffer low levels of oxygen, abnormal heart rhythms, abnormal substances in the amniotic fluid and uterine infection. If there is fetal distress, they may need to submit you to an emergency C-section.

These are the most common complications that are suffered by millions of teenagers every year. So, before you decide on getting pregnant at such an early age, think before you act. There is so much to explore and experience in this world. Your future is worth something to look forward to.

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