There are certain complications that happen when you have premature babies. Some of these conditions need medical attention as soon as they come out of the womb. They may range from mild to severe. Here are some of the medical conditions you should expect.
- Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Respiratory distress syndrome is common among preterm babies because of underdeveloped lung. They lack a protein called surfactant which is essential to keep the lungs from collapsing. Treatment with surfactant has helped these preterm babies breathe more easily. With the help of additional oxygen and mechanical breathing devices, these babies were able to survive.
- Intraventricular Hemorrhage
Those who were born at 32 weeks of gestation are at risk for having this condition. This is characterized by bleeding in the brain. The bleeding can be mild to severe and usually resolves on their won without doing any damage. Severe bleeding in the brain, on the other hand can lead to cerebral palsy as it increases the pressure in the brain. a tube is inserted to drain out the fluids if this occurs.
- Patent Ductus Arteriosis
PDA is a medical condition that involves the heart. The ductus arteriosus is a large artery that lets blood bypass the lungs as it gets it oxygen supply straight from the placenta. The ductus arteriosus should close right after birth, so that the blood can travel through the lungs for oxygenation. When this artery fails to close, heart failure may occur. Treatment involves administering a drug that aids in the closure of the ductus arteriosus and surgery if the drug fails to do so.
- Necrotizing enterocolitis
Necrotizing enterocolitis is a dangerous medical condition that refers to the inflammation and death of intestinal tissue. This usually develops two to three weeks after birth and can lead to difficulty in feeding, abdominal swelling and other complications. Treatment involves antibiotics and intravenous feeding. In severe cases, surgery is done to remove necrotic tissues.
- Retinopathy of prematurity
This condition refers to the abnormalgrowth of blood vessels in the eye that may lead to visual loss. This is common on preterm babies born at 32 weeks of gestation. Mils cases usually resolve on their own but the more severe cases may need surgery such as cryotherapy.
This condition is due to immature liver, which is unable to remove bilirubin from the system. Their skin tends to turn yellow. This is usually a harmless condition, but if bilirubin levels go up, brain damage may occur. Phototherapy is the usual treatment, which helps the body eliminate bilirubin from the blood. The baby may also need blood transfusions.
These medical conditions should be taken to a physician’s attentions as soon as possible. They can provide expert advice on the best treatment options for your child.